WAYtoGo: An Efficient Way to Write

WAYtoGoHearing a number of people asking for some assistance in how to “write as you go,” Seattle Genealogical Society agreed that I could developed an online workshop to do just that! This two session workshop will be oriented towards the intermediate to advanced researcher, but it should be helpful to anyone who is trying to solve a brick wall, write a case study or client report.

The “write as you go” course, WAYtoGo, is now open for registration.  There are assignments! It is recommended that you spend at least 10 hours on the “assignment.”

You can find out more information at http://sgsWAYtoGo.wordpress.com

Happy Hunting!

Jill

What I have done since the last “post” (when I took down the post on verifying my lineage using DNA for my portfolio): I attended FGS and had an extended conversation with Karen Stanbary about what I posted. I am now reworking it. Oh, and I presented 3 times at FGS.  I have to get working on my syllabi for the North Carolina GS conference I will be attending in 1 & 2 November. I am probably already behind!

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Part 7: When There Is No Drama—Write It Up!

DNA EamesThis is our last look at using DNA to support our “documentary tree.” It is now time to write it up.

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Here is a list of the parts and the links to the other posts:

Disclaimer: This is only an example of how I would incorporate the evidence offered by DNA if I had to do my portfolio over. I have no idea if my “solution” would be acceptable or not. Guidance on the topic is slim, but I am using the website to guide my DNA documentation, because it is all I have at the time of writing. Also, this field is changing so rapidly that this post will be “old news” in a very short period of time, but may still provide the future reader with a perspective and help them formulate questions they might not have thought of.

Because the portfolio asks for proofs of two relationships, I will focus on only one of them. The written inclusion would be similar for the other. It also takes a little more writing to get this evidence presented…it’s not like Dad says Son is his heir in the probate record.

Here is an extract from my KDP, the proof of the relationship between Hendrik Jans Bode and his father JMCB. All new insertions are in italics:


Narrative Proof

Who were the parents of Hendrik Janssen Bode born 14 February 1848 and christened in Westerhusen, Ostfriesland?

The original parish record provides direct evidence of parentage. On 14 February 1848, Hendrik Janssen Bode was born to the married couple Jan Middents Cornelius Bode and Antje Gerjet Eckhoff in Uphusen, Ostfriesland.[1]

The parish record of birth of Hendrik Janssen Bode with the names of his parents provides an original source, primary information and direct evidence of the parent-child relationship with Jan Middents Cornelius Bode and Antje Gerjets Eckhoff. The continuation of life events provides supporting context (See Table 1).

Additional evidence supporting a familial relationship between Hendrik and Jans Middents Cornelius Bode/John C. Bode exists:

  • Hendrik appeared with John C. Bode and Anche Bode in the 1860 census.[2]
  • Four additional bullet points are included.

DNA evidence supports the conclusion:

Bode1, a AncestryDNA test taker, was identified as a “third cousin” with a shared amount of DNA of 28.3 cM over three segments. He also provided a family tree indicating direct linkage to Jan Middents Cornelius Bode and Antje Gerjects Ekchoff through their son, Cornelius.[3]  The hypothetical relationships look like this: 

Jan MC Bode-Antje Eckhoff

                                                                      |

                        Hendrik Jans Bode                               Cornelius Jans Bode

                                    |                                                             |

                        John Henry Bode                                 John Cornelius Bode

                                    |                                                           |

                        Gertrude Bode                                     (Wm.) Henry R. Bode

                                    |                                                           |

                           Jill Morelli                                               Bode1

 Test takers are in bold; all others are deceased.

 It is predicted that 3rd cousins should share an average of 74 cM with a range of between 0 to 217.[4]While 23.8 cM is lower than average, it is within the range.

 The documentation of the lineage of Jill Morelli is as follows:

[Insert Jill’s documentation of lineage here for Jill to Gertrude, Gertrude to John and John to Hendrik.]

The documentation of the lineage of Bode1 is as follows:

  1. Bode 1 to (Wm. Henry R. Bode.
    Bode1 recorded that (Wm.) Henry R. Bode was his/her father. We can rely on that.
  2. (William) Henry R. Bode to John Cornelius Bode
    William D.H. Bode appeared in the 1910 census for Butler County in the household of his father, John Bode. John Bode was also the enumerator lending credence to the accuracy of the relationship.[5]
  3. John Cornelius Bode to Cornelius Jans Bode
    The birth of John Cornelius Bode and the parents’ names of Cornelius Jans Bode and Hilke Ammerman Bode was recorded in the Ridott Christian Reformed Church, Stephenson County, Illinois, on 12 November 1867.[6]
  4. Cornelius Jans Bode to Jan MC Bode.
    The pastor recorded in the parish records of Westerhusen, Ostfriesland, the christening ofCornelius Jans Bode by the parents, Jan Middents Cornelius Bode and Antje Gerjets The christening occurred 12 August 1843.[7]

 There are no identified gaps in the pedigrees. The pedigrees have been confirmed as accurate and the depth of the research reduces the opportunity for pedigree collapse of which there is none identified.

 There are no facts in conflict. Name variations are within reasonable interpretations, ages are in alignment, the family members are consistent and the timeline is consistent without gaps. The evidence supports the hypothesis of the research question.

Records checked with no findings relevant to this research question include:

Blah, blah, blah….

Conclusion

While other evidence could emerge, it will probably corroborate rather than refute the conclusion that Hendrik Janssen Bode’s parents were Jan Middents Cornelius Bode, also known as John C. Bode, and Antje Gerjets Eckhoff, also known as Antje Bode, and who was born on 14 February 1848 in Früchtenborg, Ostfriesland.DNA and documentary evidence are in alignment.No evidence is in conflict that cannot be explained.


Let’s do a quick revisit of the press release from the website to see if we met the criteria outlined:

  • Planning the DNA Test: Since this wasn’t a “big problem” our plan was simple, using simple tools.
  • Analyzing DNA test results: We took some time doing this, and incorporated findings from the “Shared cM Project,” for example.
  • Extent of DNA evidence: We addressed the minimal amount needed for substantiating the links of both test taker’s trees.
  • Sufficient verifiable data. This is more problematic because most of the information is behind a privacy wall.
  • Integrating DNA and documentary evidence. We did that in the proof of the relationship.
  • Conclusions about genetic relationships. We included the statement about DNA in the conclusion.
  • Respect for privacy. We complied with the Genetic Genealogy Code of Ethics by not revealing names of individuals who were still living. Bode1 and VD1 are not the names used in Ancestry.

I hope this series has, at a minimum forced you to think about your options and how you plan to approach the changing requirements of the inclusions of DNA into our portfolios and family histories.

That completes the series. I hope it has made some sense and alleviates some of the angst about inclusion of DNA when there is no drama.

[1]Westerhusen Evangelische-Reformierte Kirche (Westerhusen, Ostfriesland), “Kirchenbüch, 1706-1875,” Hendrik Janssen [Bode] (1845).

[2]1860 U.S. census, Stephenson Co., Ill., pop. sch., Ridott Township, p. 27, dwell. 183, fam. 174, John C. Bode.

[3]“AncestryDNA Results for Jill Morelli,” database report, AncestryDNA(http://www.ancestry.com/dna: accessed 30 October 2018), predicting 4th to 6th cousin genetic match with user “Bode1”.  “Bode1” identifies his great great great grandfather as John Middents Cornelius Bode ; no kinship to Bode1 or Jan has been proven.

[4]Blaine Bettinger, “The Shared cM Project 3.0 Tool v. 4,” DNA Painter(http://dnapainter.com: accessed 31 October 2018). Insert 28.3 into the percentage calculator.1““

[5]1910 U.S. census, Butler County, Iowa, population schedule, Madison township, enumeration district 82, p. 8A, John Bode; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 31 October 2018). William D.H. Bode is described as John’s son. John Bode was the enumerator lending credence to the enumeration.

[6]Shirlee Munda [(address for private use),] to Jill Morelli, original transcription, c. 1982, “Transcription of Bode Entries at Ridott [Christian Reformed Church],” Personal Correspondence Folder, Bode Research Files.

[7]Westerhusen (Hannover, Preussen, Germany) parish records, “Kirchenbuch, 1706-1875″, FHL 1,417,993, left and right side separate, Cornelius Janssen Bode christening entry (12 August 1843); digital image, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.com: accessed 30 October 2018).

Part 6: When there is no Drama– Entering Data into Database

DNA EamesWe continue our look at using DNA to support our “documentary tree.” It is now time to enter my evidence into my database.

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Here is a list of the parts and the links to the other posts:

Disclaimer: This is only an example of how I would incorporate the evidence offered by DNA if I had to do my portfolio over. I have no idea if my “solution” would be acceptable or not. Guidance on the topic is slim, but I am using the website to guide my DNA documentation, because it is all I have at the time of writing. Also, this field is changing so rapidly that this post will be “old news” in a very short period of time, but may still provide the future reader with a perspective and help them formulate questions they might not have thought of.

My genealogical software program is my big file cabinet in the sky! Somewhat this is where I started—how do I enter it?

RootsMagic has one fact type for DNA, called “DNA test” which gives you two choices of tests, mtDNA and YDNA. Obviously, they are missing the autosomal and I don’t know why. So, if RM is focused on just the test taker taking those two tests it really doesn’t address the issue of using DNA and your matches to add to the documentary evidence of your database. There also is no citation template for DNA.

So I need to create two items in RM:

  1. a source citation template for DNA, using ESMs QuickSheet guide[1]
  2. a Fact type for two autosomal test takers.

I admit this is still in the creation phase. I have two options (let me know what you think): RM, of course, wants principal 1 and principal 2 to be male/female and married.  I, instead, might want Principal 1 to be me as a test taker and Principal 2 to be Bode1. I would then link each of the intervening individuals as “witnesses.” Another way to do this would be to start with the Common Ancestral Couple, JMCB & Antje Eckhoff, and enter the witnesses as those who link to the couple, including the two test takers.  I haven’t made this decision yet.

My narrative would either be attached as a document or would be included in the notes.  It might be wise to have some sort of spreadsheet of test takers that I have already entered into my database for each of my grandparents lines.—four spreadsheets, my Danes, my Swedes and my two German grandparents.

Like, I said, I am still working on this.

Next: Part 7: Write it up!

[1]Elizabeth Shown Mills, “QuickSheet: Citing Genetic Sources for History Research, Evidence Style,” (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2015).

Part 5: When there is no drama—Analysis and Correlation

DNA EamesWe continue our look at using DNA to support our “documentary tree.” It is now time to analyze and Correlate our DNA information.

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Here is a list of the parts and the links to the other posts:

Disclaimer: This is only an example of how I would incorporate the evidence offered by DNA if I had to do my portfolio over. I have no idea if my “solution” would be acceptable or not. Guidance on the topic is slim, but I am using the website to guide my DNA documentation, because it is all I have at the time of writing. Also, this field is changing so rapidly that this post will be “old news” in a very short period of time, but may still provide the future reader with a perspective and help them formulate questions they might not have thought of.

I am interested that one of my two matches we identified in the previous post has the same surname as our common ancestral couple. Note: while ancestry makes a DNA Circle about a particular person the reality is the two individuals who match with Jan Middents Cornelius Bode (JMCB) should also be in the Circle for Jan’s wife, Antje Eckhoff. Should we be able to confirm this match, the DNA we share could have come from either Jan or Antje. Both VD1 and Bode1 are in Antje’s circle.

What is the standard of care for providing of JMCB and Antje Eckhoff as the most recent common ancestral couple? As Tom Jones identified in his Legacy webinar, “Using Autosomal DNA to Solve a Family Mystery,” the standard for proof of the Bode 1 relationship is not “reasonably exhaustive research.” We can rely on the test taker’s statement that the parent is really who they say it is, barring any other evidence.[1]

I have done a lot of descendancy research on all my family lines and often can get within 1 generation of the test taker. This was true for Bode1’s line.

Here is what the linkage looks like for Bode1[2]:

Jan MC Bode-Antje Eckhoff

                                                                      |

Hendrik Jans Bode                                Cornelius Jans Bode

|                                                             |

John Henry Bode                                 John Cornelius Bode

|                                                           |

Gertrude Bode                                      (Wm.) Henry R. Bode

|                                                           |

Jill Morelli                                               Bode1

My list of relationships that need support (not “proof” in our genealogical vocabulary) are as follows:

  1. Jill Morelli to Gertrude Bode.
  2. Gertrude Bode to John:
  3. John Bode to Hendrik

On Bode1’s lineage, I would need to provide information supporting the relationship of :

  1. Bode 1 to (Wm.) Henry R. Bode.
  2. Henry R. Bode to John Cornelius Bode
  3. John Cornelius bode to Cornelius Jans Bode
  4. Cornelius Jans Bode to Jan MC Bode.

I think it more germane to focus on Bode1, and if you will humor me—my three relationships in my own line I have proven in multiple ways.—usually with original primary records and will not bore you with them here. We also need one strong citation for each relationship link.[3]

Can we document Bode1’s unproven lineage?

  1. Bode 1 to (Wm. Henry R. Bode.
    Bode1 “says” that (Wm.) Henry R. Bode is his father. We can rely on that.[4]
  2. (William) Henry R. Bode to John Cornelius Bode
    1910 U.S. census, Butler County, Iowa, population schedule, Madison township, enumeration district 82, p. 8A, John Bode; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 31 October 2018). William D.H. Bode is described as John’s son. John Bode was the enumerator lending credence to the enumeration.
    Note: this isn’t the best substantiation of the relationship. The name shift needs to be addressed. It is reasonable to get the country record on the birth.
  3. John Cornelius Bode to Cornelius Jans Bode
    Shirlee Munda [(address for private use),] to Jill Morelli, original transcription, c. 1982, “Transcription of Bode Entries at Ridott [Christian Reformed Church],” Personal Correspondence Folder, Bode Research Files.
    I used this same source as my citation for generation 3 in my KDP.
  4. Cornelius Jans Bode to Jan MC Bode.
    Westerhusen (Hannover, Preussen, Germany) parish records, “Kirchenbuch, 1706-1875″, FHL 1,417,993, left and right side separate, Cornelius Janssen Bode christening entry (12 August 1843); digital image, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.com: accessed 30 October 2018).
    Note: I am missing the page numbers, which I would want to get.

I had all of these individuals in my database already; my only missing relationship was that of Bode 1 to (Wm.) Henry R. Bode.

There are still three things that have to be addressed in the narrative in your insertion of DNA evidence into your family history writing: depth, accuracy and gaps in pedigrees. We will address them when we write it up.

There are  no conflicts to resolve other than the identified name shift of William D. H. Bode to (William) Henry R. Bode.

Next: Part 6: Entering this into my RootsMagic data base.

[1]Thomas W. Jones, CG, “Using Autosomal DNA to Solve a Family Mystery,” Board for Certification of Genealogists, Legacy Family Tree Webinars (http:://familytreewebinars.com : accessed 31 October 2018), presented 6 October 2017. The information is presented at 7:40 minute mark of “Calesta’s descendants.

[2]“AncestryDNA Results for Jill Morelli,” database report, AncestryDNA(http://www.ancestry.com/dna: accessed 30 October 2018), predicting 4th to 6th cousin genetic match with user “Bode1.” “Bode1” identifies his great great great grandfather as John Middents Cornelius Bode; no kinship to Bode1 or Jan has been proven.

[3]Jones,  “Using Autosomal DNA to Solve a Family Mystery,” Legacy Family Tree Webinars.

[4]Ibid.

Part 4: When there is no Drama….Crafting Citations

DNA EamesWe continue our look at using DNA to support our “documentary tree” by making sure our citations are informative and to standards.

Disclaimer: This is only an example of how I would incorporate the evidence offered by DNA if I had to do my portfolio over. I have no idea if my “solution” would be acceptable or not. Guidance on the topic is slim, but I am using the website to guide my DNA documentation, because it is all I have at the time of writing. Also, this field is changing so rapidly that this post will be “old news” in a very short period of time, but may still provide the future reader with a perspective and help them formulate questions they might not have thought of.

Here is a list of the parts and the links to the previous posts:

Elizabeth Shown Mills in her “QuickSheet: Citing Genetic Sources for History Research, Evidnece Style” states that “when citing results posted online, you use a basic website citation.”[1]

If I was citing the whole Ancestry DNA results page for me. The first reference note might look like this:

“DNA Results Summary: Jill Morelli,” database report, Ancestry(http://www.ancestry.com/dna: accessed 31 October 2018); a non-public online database.

If I was citing the DNA Circle:

“Jan Middents Cornelius Bode DNA Circle,” AncestryDNA(http://www.ancestry.com/dna: accessed 30 October 2018), non-public circle for Jill Morelli, showing Bode1 as a “good confidence” match, and Jan Middents Cornelius Bode as most recent common ancestor . Jill Morelli’s tree provides sound evidence of each assertion. Bode1 provides no documentation: all his lines and assertions need to be verified.

If I was citing the match itself:

“AncestryDNA Results for Jill Morelli,” database report, AncestryDNA(http://www.ancestry.com/dna: accessed 30 October 2018), predicting 4th to 6th cousin genetic match with user “Bode1.” “Bode1” identifies his great great great grandfather as John Middents Cornelius Bode ; no kinship to Bode1 or Jan has been proven.

The reference note is clear that there is nothing proven about this relationship yet.

Next: Part 5: Analysis, and correlation of the match.

[1]Elizabeth Shown Mills, “QuickSheet: Citing Genetic Sources for History Research, Evidence Style,” (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2015) unpaginated, p. 2.

Part 3: When there is no Drama…..Identifying Possible Matches

DNA EamesWe continue our look at using DNA to support our “documentary tree” by identifying possible matches. We have looked at problem identification and gleaned what we can from the website of the Board for Certification of Genealogists.

Here is a list of the parts and the links to the other posts:

 

Disclaimer: This is only an example of how I would incorporate the evidence offered by DNA if I had to do my portfolio over. I have no idea if my “solution” would be acceptable or not. Guidance on the topic is slim, but I am using the webiste to guide my DNA documentation, because it is all I have at the time of writing. Also, this field is changing so rapidly that this post will be “old news” in a very short period of time, but may still provide the future reader with a perspective and help them formulate questions they might not have thought of.

How do we incorporate the findings of DNA analysis into our information we have gathered about our ancestors? Let’s see if we can identify possible matches that support our “paper tree”.

My starting point is my Kinship Determination Project which provided three proofs. Number 1 is one of identity, but numbers 2 and 3 are relationship problems. DNA can assist with relationship problems:

  1. proving Jan Middents Cornelius Bode (JMCB), born in 1807 in Uphusen, Germany, was the same person as John C. Bode, farmer, in Stephenson County, Illinois in the 1860 census.
  2. Proving Hendrik Jans Bode, born in Germany was the son of JCMB.
  3. Proving Boyd Henry Bode, born in Illinois in 1878 was the son of Hendrik Jans Bode.

My plan is the following:

  1. I have already tested in Ancestry (autosomal) and I have a subscription.
  2. Using AncestryDNA, I will use DNA circles to identify some possible matches to my great great grandfather, JMCB. The KDP requires us to have three family groups linked which include the children of the third, making for 4 generations.
  3. I will compare the amount of actual shared DNA with the Shared CM tool to see what I should get. This may alert me to any pedigree collapse and if there are any unexpected paternal events.

The goal is to find test takers, who had a tree, that were 3rd cousins or greater. Anything closer would not  link to the generation furthest out—JMCB. I have 282 4th cousin matches. I am not interested in going through them one by one to find a connection to John C. Bode, although if I had to, I would. I also have 13 DNA Circles and one of them is for JMCB with seven members in the circle. Of the seven with trees that connect to JMCB some can be eliminated from consideration due to redundancy or that the common couple is not JMCB.

  1. VD1: We share 27.1 cM across 2 segments and a pedigree chart that takes us back to the common couple of Jan Middents Cornelius Bode and his wife, Antje Eckhoff Bode
  2. VD2: This is the son of VD1
  3. Bode1: We share 28.3 across 3 segments and a pedigree hart that takes us back to the common couple of Jan Middents Cornelius Bode and his wife, Antje Eckhoff Bode.
  4. Bode 2: this is the son of Bode1.
  5. Browne: The common couple for this match is Hendrik Bode and not his father.
  6. Burgel1: the common couple for this match is Hendrik Bode and not his father.
  7. Burgel2 : this is the daughter of Burgel1

Note: Circles are just clues to a common relationship and clues to the focus individual of that relationship. You may be confident of your tree, but we all know what Ancestry trees are riddled with erroneous relationships and identity mash ups! We will get to the analysis in Part 5.

Since there are generational test takers, I will look at only the oldest generation to verify the match. We will also eliminate matches who have a more recent common couple than JMCG. VD1 and Bode 1 remain as my targeted test takers who might serve as DNA evidence for my proofs of relationships for my KDP.

Next up:
Part 4: Crafting a citation using ESM Quick Sheet